# Galois fields

Nemo allows the creation of Galois fields of the form $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ for a prime $p$. Note that these are not the same as finite fields of degree 1, as Conway polynomials are not used.

For convenience, the following constructors are provided.

```
GF(n::UInt)
GF(n::Int)
```

For example, one can create the Galois field of characteristic $7$ as follows.

`R = GF(7)`

Elements of the field are then created in the usual way.

`a = R(3)`

Elements of Galois fields have type `gfp_elem`

, and the type of the parent objects is `GaloisField`

.

The modulus $p$ of an element of a Galois field is stored in its parent object.

The `gfp_elem`

type belong to the abstract type `FinFieldElem`

and the `GaloisField`

parent object type belongs to the abstract type `FinField`

.

## Galois field functionality

Galois fields in Nemo implement the residue ring interface of AbstractAlgebra.jl:

https://nemocas.github.io/AbstractAlgebra.jl/residue_rings.html

In addition, all the functionality for generic residue rings is available:

https://nemocas.github.io/AbstractAlgebra.jl/residue.html

Below we describe the functionality that is provided in addition to this interface.

## Basic manipulation

`AbstractAlgebra.Generic.characteristic`

โ Method.`characteristic(R::GaloisField) -> fmpz`

Return the characteristic of the given Galois field.

`AbstractAlgebra.Generic.order`

โ Method.`order(R::GaloisField) -> fmpz`

Return the order, i.e. the number of elements in, the given Galois field.

**Examples**

```
F = GF(3)
a = characteristic(F)
b = order(F)
```